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» Post-Turmoil Solution for Libya Travis Warrington

Post-Turmoil Solution for Libya   2 comments

During class (Conflict Interventions) yesterday, my colleagues and I pondered and came up with what to do after Libya is ready to rebuild itself. The prompt given was if the country had a ‘blank slate and ample funding’, and either Qaddafi is in power or not. We are all aware of the chaos happening in Libya, but a plan of action should be assessed and drawn-up now so if/when Libyans are ‘ripe’ to secure and reconstruct their own country, development practitioners and aid workers will be ready with a plan to implement. As well as, ‘post-conflict’ work doesn’t mean the conflict is over, but more so of how to transform/manage the dispute for both short- and long-term results. The ideas are in the format revolving around four key topics: security, political, economic, and psychological.

Economic:

  • Allow current non-Libyan workers to stay
  • Train more Libyans in mineral, hydrocarbon, and oil extraction (capacity building).
  • Allow the refugees that fled to other N. African countries and into Europe to return without penalty and give them jobs (see above).
  • Aid funding toward infrastructure that would benefit all (sub-)groups.
  • Micro-loans with low interest; interest revenue goes toward economic benefits for later/sustaining infrastructure
  • Liberalizing natural resources; revenues equally shared to all levels of population and towards food security
  • Capacity building via cooperatives by way of new entrepreneurship (employment)

Psychological:

  1. Identify leaders (elders, religious, significant men, and if there are any women’s groups)
  2. Involve  people with arms (DDR) in dialogue, counseling, training and jobs- -thus recognizing their existence so they will no rise up again
  3. Bring forth grievances by finding divisions and transparency between and within the groups

Security:

  • Military and police separated from each other and under lessened governmental ownership/rule + reform via accountability
  • Include tribal and religious leaders in country’s reforms to assure no spoilers and general inclusiveness
  • Anti-corruption initiative to be put in place

Political:

  • If Qaddafi is in power-
    • reform political parties, include all minority/marginalized groups
  • If Qaddafi leaves-
    • Transparent and culturally/religiously sensitive democratic election for new Libyan president
  • A review of the Constitution (aka ‘Green Book’)
  • Include all stakeholders in political processes, with interim government to push for referendum.
  • Decentralize institutions within the country

One key note to end on, when an autocratic leader (like Qaddafi) is overturned or ceases, the big(ger) dispute or frictions tend to come up. Therefore, Libya may be in a total chaotic state once their government falls. Hence, we must prepare for this inevitable event.

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2 responses to Post-Turmoil Solution for Libya

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  1. I think your last point is a very strong one. It seems that there is good reason to be concerned about a post-Qaddafi state. He is absolutely an autocrat and a heinous leader, but I think cheerleaders can often forget that order is maintained by dictators and helps to hide other underlying problems.

    One thing I would be interested to hear from you and your cohorts is what US foreign policy should look like when paired with various scenarios. How can we reasonably support/aid a nation in transition? Probably worth expanding to Tunisia, Egypt and whatever other nation(s) fall next.

    • @Tom-
      US policy isn’t our strong point because it is an international program but the few Americans in the program do have strong passions with our IR. Our current and future policy may or may not revolve around oil regarding Libya. Responsible and logical aid/support would consist of development via infrastructure and capacity building (hence the bulk of this post). Shared aid amongst fallen states would be problematic because of differing sub-cultures etc. Thanks for the comment, t

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